Technical textile is designed for a specific purpose and used for its properties and capabilities. Military technical textiles are of great significance as they provide safety features to soldiers who wear them. Fabrics like these can be woven, knitted, or nonwoven, as well as coated or laminated. The defense industry relies heavily on these smart textiles for various purposes.

All military personnel must wear personal protective equipment during non-combat, combat, and emergency survival missions. Military uniforms must meet specific performance requirements related to their use in battle zones, tanks, aircraft, underwater, etc., including the high hazards like gravitational forces during high accelerations and decelerations, extreme conditions, immersion hypothermia, etc. In addition to uniforms and equipment used in defense, textiles are also used to make parachutes, ropes, tents, and safety harnesses.

Some of the areas in defense where textile plays an important role:

Camouflage: This type of textile can obstruct the visibility of a person even in ultraviolet and infrared rays from a certain distance. In addition, nanotechnology fibres have been developed to generate muscle power, which will give soldiers more strength in doing challenging tasks.

Fire-resistant: It is one of the most highly regarded military clothing. It protects the life of soldiers while fighting in dangerous situations. Specially designed flame-resistant flight uniforms have been developed for pilots

Weather-resistant: Military personnel must endure harsh weather conditions such as snow, rain, wind and heat. Fabric-like nylon is used to design military gears like tents, military bags, vests, footwear, shoes, and backpacks to protect from wind and water.

Defense personnel are exposed to environmental, physical, and unexpected threats on the battlefield. The fabric they wear must conform to their requirements. Today’s advanced clothing system can withstand physical, environmental, physiological, and battlefield stress. What do you think of technical textile advancement in defense sectors? Do share your opinion in the comments below.